Peru Travel by Bus

Peru: Chiclayo by bus

The friendship city...
The Lord of Sipan (El Señor de Sipan)
He was a very important Mochican warrior priest, which remains were found in Huaca Rajada by Dr. Walter Alva in 1987. In his tomb were discovered a great quantity of gold and silver objects, jewels, ceramics and carved wood of incredible value. This investigation had given archaeologists the chance to know many more aspects of the Mochican Culture. In the main tomb was found a guard, skeleton of a young man with a golden shield and sectioned feet.

The Lord of Sipan was founded in a sarcophagus made of wood (this is the first event found in America), next to his head were the skeleton of two young women, and at his sides a skeleton of a dog and two lamas. He was all covered with gold, silver and copper, chest protector with jewels and gold necklaces. His skull rested on a big golden plate. All the original pieces were restored in Germany at the Mainz Museum (1988-1993) and are actually shown at the Brüning Museum of Lambayeque. Besides, all the copies from the originals are used as demonstration in Huaca Rajada. This fabulous and extraordinary collection had been exhibited in the principal museums of the world and in the capital of Peru, Lima.

Museum of the Royal Tombs of Sipan
Located 11 Km north from Chiclayo, open from Tuesday to Sunday 9:00 AM. to 5:00 PM.

The Royal Tombs of Sipan exhibits the most important archaeological remains of the Mochica Culture, in an exceptional exhibition that combines maximum scientific accuracy, security and enjoyment to show the jewels, emblems and ornaments found in 1987 in the tomb of a Mochica government leader called the Lord of Sipan. This museum constitutes a Museum-Mausoleum and sanctuary of our culture. It is formed in a pyramid inspired by the Mochica sanctuaries. All the exhibits are original pieces and each has been carefully cleaned and restored to the minutest detail. The leading representative of the Mochica culture, the Lord of Sipan, considered to be the most important governor of ancient Peru some 1700 years ago, is buried in this architectural jewel.

Archeological Sites in Chiclayo

Huaca Rajada
Mochican archaeological reservation, located 35 km. (21.7 miles) southeast of Chiclayo. In 1987 Dr. Walter Alva began his investigations in this huaca, thanks to an initial hint given by some "huaqueros" (people from the region dedicated to profane huacas), and discovered the tombs of Señor de Sipan (Lord of Sipan), tombs of priests and important Mochicans, of ritual character.

The excavation in this location constituted the first important tomb scientifically explored in Peru, being able to obtain an incalculable historical value, for allow knowing new aspects of the Mochica Culture and the reconstruction of its past.

Tucume
Mochica – Chimu archaeological center, located 32 km. north of Chiclayo, very near to the town of Tucume. This pre-Inca city flourished among the XII and XIII centuries; outstanding 26 pyramidal huacas made of adobe and the walled enclosures and big cementeries. One of their pyramids measure 400 m. lenght, 100 m. width and 35 m. height, with a similar volume to the big pyramids of Egypt. The foundation of this city is attributed to Naylamp.

Batan Grande - Señor de Sican (Lord of Sican)
Batan Grande is an old farm dedicated to the cultivation of sugar cane, located 40 km. northeast of Chiclayo. In this property are found rich and important archaeological locations of the Sican, Mochica and Chimu cultures.Their old inhabitants built big towns with extraordinary domain of agriculture and the technics of watering.In these locations big quantities of ceramic pieces and jewels have been extracted, of an unimaginable value, some of which conform the rich collection of the "Museo de Oro" (Gold Museum) in Lima, but many others have been sold in the black market.The investigations place Sican town, as the biggest and more important religious center in the north area of Peru.

Nearby Chiclayo City

Pimentel
Resort and fishermen's creek located at 13 km. (8 miles) west of Chiclayo, it has great activity in summer (December - April), practice of surfing. Here you will be able to find and know the famous "caballito de Totora" (little boats made out of straw), ancestral crafts, the same as they were made by the Mochicans on the third century, where every morning they used to go out fishing, using a piece of cane as a roar.

Monsefu
Artisans' town, located 20 km. (12.4 miles) southwest of Chiclayo. You can arrive from Santa Rosa or from Chiclayo directly by the Panamerican Highway. Among their people there are many artisans dedicated to the making of articles of thread and straw, and ceramic objects. The architecture of their constructions and their residents will transport you to the past.

Zaña
City founded by the Spaniards in 1536 with the name "Santiago Miraflores de Zana", had its best time during the colony reaching great development, called the "Peruvian Seville", and for that reason was considered as the possible capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Pirates plundered it in 1686 and it was completely devastated by the overflows of the Zana River in 1726. It is located to the southeast of Chiclayo and you can visit the ruins of the formerly opulent city. Descendants of black slaves form great part of its population.

Salas
"Capital of the Folkloric Medicine", old occult town of sorcerers, witch doctors and "chamanes" that are part of the spirit of the north coast of Peru. Located at 49 km. (30.4 miles) north of Chiclayo, between Jayanca and Motupe. In many of their houses are organized at nights cure sessions where the sorcerer use diverse objects (huacos, stone idols, bones, plants, etc.) and a hallucinogenic beverage of the cactus San Pedro. You can also find people dedicated to prediction and to the destructive enchantments.



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